The 3 Punic Wars in between Carthage and Rome took location over almost a century, start in 264 B.C. And also ending in roman victory through the destruction of Carthage in 146 B.C. By the moment the very first Punic War damaged out, Rome had come to be the dominant power throughout the Italian peninsula, when Carthage–a an effective city-state in north Africa–had developed itself as the leading marine power in the world. The an initial Punic War started in 264 B.C. Once Rome interfered in a problem on the Carthaginian-controlled island the Sicily; the war finished with Rome in regulate of both Sicily and Corsica and significant the empire’s introduction as a naval and a floor power. In the 2nd Punic War, the an excellent Carthaginian general Hannibal invaded Italy and also scored an excellent victories at Lake Trasimene and also Cannae prior to his eventual defeat in ~ the hands of Rome’s Scipio Africanus in 202 B.C., i m sorry left Rome in control of the west Mediterranean and also much that Spain. In the third Punic War, the Romans, led by Scipio the Younger, captured and also destroyed the city of Carthage in 146 B.C., turning Africa right into yet another district of the mighty roman inn Empire.
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Background and an initial Punic battle (264-241 B.C.)
Tradition holds that Phoenician settlers from the Mediterranean harbor of tyre (in what is now Lebanon) founded the city-state that Carthage top top the northern coastline of Africa, simply north of modern Tunis, roughly 814 B.C. (The word “Punic,” later the name for the series of wars in between Carthage and also Rome, was obtained from the Latin word for Phoenician.) through 265 B.C., Carthage to be the wealthiest and most progressed city in the region, and its top naval power. Despite Carthage had clashed violently with several other powers in the region, especially Greece, its relationships with Rome to be historically friendly, and also the cities had actually signed several treaties defining trading legal rights over the years.
Did you know? The Greek chronicler Polybius, among the key sources of information about the Punic Wars, was born roughly 200 B.C. A friend of and also mentor come Scipio Aemilianus, he was an eyewitness to the siege and also destruction of Carthage in 146 B.C.
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In 264 B.C., Rome decided to interference in a problem on the western coast of the island that Sicily (then a Carthaginian province) involving an strike by soldiers from the city of Syracuse versus the city of Messina. While Carthage sustained Syracuse, Rome supported Messina, and the struggle quickly exploded right into a straight conflict in between the two powers, with control of Sicily at stake. End the course of virtually 20 years, Rome rebuilt its entire fleet in bespeak to challenge Carthage’s an effective navy, scoring its an initial sea success at Mylae in 260 B.C. And a significant victory in the fight of Ecnomus in 256 B.C. Though its intrusion of phibìc Africa that very same year ended in defeat, Rome refuse to provide up, and also in 241 B.C. The roman fleet had the ability to win a decisive victory versus the Carthaginians in ~ sea, breaking their legend naval superiority. At the end of the very first Punic War, Sicily came to be Rome’s an initial overseas province.