Issue Date: September 9, 1969City: Washington, DC Quantity: 152,364,800Printed By: bureau of Engraving and also PrintingPrinting Method: Lithographed and Engraved (Giori) printingPerforations: 11Color: Multicolored
Commemorates man’s first footstep ~ above the moon’s surface by Neil Armstrong, command of the Apollo 11 mission.The first jumbo-sized commemorative issue, it celebrated “moon mail.” The very first Day Cover to be the most well-known ever.

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On July 20, 1969, the US efficiently won the an are Race as soon as Neil Armstrong and also Buzz Aldrin landed the Eagle lunar module ~ above the Moon’s surface.
The space race started 12 year earlier, ~ above October 4, 1957, once the Soviet Union offered rocket technology developed by the Germans in people War II come launchSputnik, the world’s very first artificial satellite. Originally,Sputnikwas plan to be a massive, thousand-pound satellite. However, due to the fact that the Americans to be attempting to launch their very own satellite, the decision to be made to scale earlier the style considerably. At the moment of launch,Sputnikwas no bigger than a basketball.

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Success continued for the Soviets throughout the next couple of years, prompting President john F. Kennedy to push NASA to ar a man on the Moon prior to the end of the decade. Kennedy’s difficulty was no tiny feat. In ~ the time, the US an are program wasn’t prepared for together an undertaking. There to be no rockets, spacesuits, or computers qualified of the task. NASA researchers didn’t know what they’d require to accomplish the goal, but they stepped up to the challenge. Hundreds of thousands the scientists and engineers joined with each other to attain something many thought to be impossible.
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After thousands of hours of work over eight years, NASA released Apollo 11 top top July 16, 1969. 4 days later, ~ above July 20, 1969, theirEaglelunar module approached the Moon. The landing module touched under in a place called “West Crater,” which to be scattered v boulders. After ~ the landing, Aldrin requested everyone “…to stop for a moment and also contemplate the occasions of the past few hours and also to offer thanks in his or her very own way.”
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Aldrin, who was an elder in his church, then proceeded to obtain Communion indigenous a kit all set for him by his pastor. This was blacked out of the broadcast as result of an ongoing lawsuit filed versus NASA concerning the crew of the Apollo 8 mission analysis from theBook of Genesis.
After the landing to be completed, the crew began preparations for the Moonwalk. They had originally to plan a five-hour sleep period, yet it was made decision they would be also excited to sleep.Then, in ~ 10:56 p.m. EDT, Armstrong collection his left foot down upon the surface of the Moon and also called it, “…one tiny step because that a man, one giant leap because that mankind.” other astronaut Buzz Aldrin join Armstrong top top the surface and described the scene as “magnificent desolation.” back on Earth, the human being watched through a live tv feed.
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The Moonwalk wasn’t simply symbolic – Armstrong and Aldrin had actually several work to perform. One of them contained planting the American flag. They an initial had to gain used come walking approximately on the Moon. They took photographs, accumulated rock, and also dust samples and collection out tools to transmit readings. After about two-and-a-half hours, they went back to the landing module. After taking off your spacesuits they i found it a strange odor in the air. Armstrong explained it together wet ashes and also Aldrin stated it was favor “the odor in the wait after a firecracker has actually gone off.” It was the odor of the Moon dust. Scientists had actually been came to that the dust could ignite as soon as it come in call with oxygen as soon as the module re-pressurized, yet luckily, the wasn’t the case. Armstrong and Aldrin climate took a much-deserved rest.
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But this was the era that the an are Race, and also the Soviet Union had actually launched one unmanned spacecraft 3 days before the Apollo 11 mission take it off. As the united state astronauts slept,Luna 15began its lower to the Moon’s surface. It was the third attempt by the Soviets to collect lunar soil, and the third failure.Luna 15crashed right into the Moon, likely on the next of a mountain.
After your rest, Armstrong and also Aldrin blasted turn off from the Moon’s surface ar – regrettably toppling the American flag they had planted. In future lunar landings, the flag was placed no closer 보다 100 feet native the modules, so as no to repeat that mistake.
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TheEagledocked v theColumbia, where other astronaut Michael Collins had actually been waiting. TheEaglewas released into orbit roughly the Moon, and NASA scientists later assumed that it crashed come the surface ar after a few months.
TheColumbia command module, a 10-foot-long cone, was all that remained of the massiveSaturn Vrocket that started the journey. TheSaturn Vwas 363 feet long and also weighed 6,699,000 pounds (Columbiaweighed 13,000 pounds). The journey residence lasted three days, and the crew had actually to make only one correction.
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On July 24, the command module separated and began its lower to Earth. The bottom the the module confronted the surface and also had special warm shields that would certainly burn away throughout re-entry, to stop the buildup of heat. The parachute opened after 195 hours and also 13 minutes in space. The Apollo 11 crew splashed under in the Pacific Ocean, wherein Navy ship USSHornetwas nearby. They were lastly home and President Kennedy’s vision was realized. America had efficiently won the room Race and also was prepared to embark ~ above a brand-new era in room exploration.
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The three Apollo 11 astronauts were honored through a ticker-tape parade in new York City soon after return to Earth. Armstrong obtained the Medal of Freedom, the highest award readily available to a united state civilian. His other awards consisted of the NASA Distinguished business Medal, the NASA Exceptional organization Medal, seventeen medals from other countries, and the Congressional room Medal the Honor.

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Did girlfriend know?
The engraved understand dies for us #C76, above, travel to the Moon v the Apollo 11 crew. An envelope bearing a evidence of the rubber stamp was also canceled in the space module. The first Day sheathe for that stamp was the most renowned ever.Click herefor lots much more Moon landing stamps, covers, and also coins.Click hereto view NASA’s website for the 50th anniversary that the Moon landing.