L>Freedom: A background of US. Webisode 9: working for Freedom. Segment 6 | PBS
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Segment 6
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The rise of LaborWhen Cyrus hall McCormick opened the McCormick Harvester works in Chicago in the 1840s, he worked alongside his forty-three employees. The knew them every by name. That was the method of company in early America. Companies were changing that. The McCormick factory grew and was soon making 1,000 reapers a year. Cyrus quiet knew all 200 the his workers. Through 1884, the year McCormick died, his ar covered twelve acres, and 1,300 men worked ten-hour days, six days a week. That year the company showed a benefit of 71 percent. And also McCormick no longer knew his workers. American service was heading in a different direction. Some owners of this huge, rich companies treated workers as if they were commodities, choose coal or lumber. They seemed to forget they were person beings.Steelmen worked twelve hours a day, six days a week, for little pay. Textile workers—many of lock children—worked sixty to eighty hours a week. Problems were frequently dangerous. Miners functioned underground through explosives but without security regulations . In one year, 25,000 workers passed away on the job; many much more were injured. Boy workers had actually three times as many mishaps as adults. If a person lost an eight in an accident, no one assisted in doctor"s bills. If a worker complained, he was fired. And also women were regularly paid half a man"s wages. And also then workers started to come together. One mill worker wrote: "A household of bright girl proposed that us should sign up with with them, and type a small society for writing and also discussion. We met, ready a constitution and by-laws, and named ourselves the development Circle." that was the method some unions got started. Employees came together to shot to struggle for much better conditions, far better pay, or perhaps just for self-improvement . The union was favor a society for workers. Human being tried to help each other solve the difficulties they had in common. Sometimes they made decision not to job-related unless they were paid far better wages. In other words, they walk on strike. Naturally, owner hated strikes. They acquired laws passed the were anti-union. And also they regularly fired anyone that joined a strike. Occasionally they rental police to break a strike, together Andrew Carnegie did when workers struck in ~ his steel mills. Businessmen often took the law right into their very own hands. If castle were an effective enough, they gained away with it. Cornelius Vanderbilt when said: "Law! What perform I care around law? H"ain"t I gained power?"By 1920, half of every Americans lived in cities or towns. By climate the U.S. To be the leading industrial nation in the world, v nine million manufacturing facility workers. Did friend know
that flexibility is adjusted from the award-winning Oxford University push multi-volume publication series, A history of us by delight Hakim? Segment 6.


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