Your musculoskeletal system contains bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments and soft tissues. They work-related together to assistance your body’s weight and assist you move. Injuries, condition and aging can cause pain, stiffness and also other difficulties with movement and function. You have the right to keep your musculoskeletal system solid by controlling your all at once health.

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What is the musculoskeletal system?

Your musculoskeletal system has your bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and also connective tissues. Your skeleton gives a framework for her muscles and other soft tissues. Together, they support your body weight, preserve your attitude and aid you move.

A wide range of disorders and conditions can lead to difficulties in the musculoskeletal system. Aging, injuries, congenital anomalies (birth defects) and condition can cause pain and also limit movement.

You can keep your musculoskeletal system healthy and balanced by concentrating on your as whole health. Eat a well balanced diet, maintain a healthy weight, exercise regularly and also see your provider because that checkups.


How does the musculoskeletal system work?

The nervous system (your body’s command center) controls her voluntary muscle movements. Voluntarily muscles space ones you control intentionally. Part involve big muscle groups to do activities like jumping. Rather use smaller movements, like pushing a button. Movements take place when:

Your nervous mechanism (brain and nerves) sends out a blog post to activate your skeletal (voluntary) muscles.Your muscle yarn contract (tense up) in solution to the message.When the muscle activates or bunches up, it pulls on the tendon. Tendons connect muscles come bones.The tendon pulls the bone, making the move.To relax the muscle, her nervous system sends one more message. The triggers the muscle to relax or deactivate.The peaceful muscle releases tension, relocating the bone to a relaxing position.

What room the parts of the musculoskeletal system?

The musculoskeletal device works to aid you stand, sit, walk, run and also move. Adult bodies have 206 bones and much more than 600 muscles, associated by ligaments, tendons and soft tissues.

The parts of the musculoskeletal device are:

Bones: Bones of every shapes and also sizes assistance your body, defend organs and also tissues, store calcium and fat and produce blood cells. A bone’s hard external shell surrounds a spongy center. Bones provide structure and kind for her body. They occupational with muscles, tendons, ligaments and other connective organization to help you move.Cartilage: A kind of connective tissue, cartilage cushions skeletal inside your joints, along your spine and in her ribcage. Firm, rubbery cartilage protects bones indigenous rubbing versus each other. You likewise have cartilage in her nose, ears, pelvis and lungs.Joints: Bones come together to form joints. Part joints have actually a huge range that motion, such together the ball-and-socket shoulder joint. Other joints, choose the knee, allow bones to move earlier and forth however not rotate.Muscles: Each muscle is do of hundreds of stretchy fibers. Her muscles allow you come move, sit upright and stay still. Part muscles help you run, dance and lift. You usage others to compose your name, fasten a button, talk and also swallow.Ligaments: Made of tough collagen fibers, ligaments attach bones and assist stabilize joints.Tendons: Tendons connect muscles come bones. Made of fibrous tissue and also collagen, tendons room tough yet not very stretchy.

Conditions and also Disorders

What conditions and also disorders affect the musculoskeletal system?

Hundreds of conditions can reason problems with the musculoskeletal system. Castle can affect the way you move, speak and also interact with the world. Some of the many common causes of musculoskeletal pain and movement troubles are:

How typical are this conditions?

Everyone has actually pain in their muscles and also joints indigenous time to time. Among the most typical musculoskeletal conditions is ago pain, specifically low ago pain. An ext than 80% of world in the United states have ago pain in ~ some allude in their lives. Arthritis is also an extremely common. More than 54 million adult in the U.S. Have actually arthritis. Broken bones, sprains and also strains occur to millions of people every year. Most people recover from these injuries without long-term wellness problems.


How have the right to I store musculoskeletal device healthy?

The best way to take treatment of her musculoskeletal system is come maintain good health overall. To save your bones and muscles healthy, friend should:

Exercise regularly, and be sure to incorporate a mix of weight-bearing exercises and also cardiovascular activity. Strengthening your muscles can support her joints and protect them native damage.Get many of sleep so your bones and muscles deserve to recover and also rebuild.Maintain a healthy weight. Extra pounds put pressure on her bones and joints, leading to a variety of wellness problems. If you lug extra weight, talk to her provider around a healthy and balanced weight-loss plan.Make healthy and balanced food choices, including a balanced diet of fruits and also vegetables, lean protein and milk for strong bones.Quit smoking and avoid tobacco. smoking decreases blood circulation throughout your body. Her bones, muscles and also soft tissues need adequate blood flow to stay healthy.

Frequently asked Questions

When need to I contact doctor?

Talk to her provider if you have pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased variety of movement or difficulties moving. See your provider ideal away if any type of of these alters happen suddenly. Sudden problems might be a authorize of a major condition.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Everyone has actually muscle aches and also pains from time come time. Although you might not have the ability to prevent all strains, sprains and also broken bones, you can keep her musculoskeletal device healthy. Maintaining an excellent overall health and wellness will lower your risk of condition and injuries. And also staying healthy and balanced will help you heal much faster if girlfriend do obtain injured. By seeing her provider regularly, managing your weight and also taking care of yourself, you’ll safeguard your bones and also muscles so they deserve to keep protecting you.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We perform not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.Policy

Cleveland Clinic offers professional diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation because that bone, share or connective organization disorders and also rheumatic and also immunologic diseases.

See more: Here Are The Solubilities Of A Particular Solute At Two Different Temperatures.

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Declaring on our site helps support our mission. We execute not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic assets or services.Policy

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