The 2nd Punic war took place in between 218 B.C.E. Through 201 B.C.E. The war was fought in between the ancient Romans and also the Carthaginians.
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The leaders of both militaries were masters of warfare. The Carthaginians to be led by Hannibal, and the old Romans were affected by Scipio Africanus. Although Carthage lost the war, the fighting take it a significant toll top top both parties.
How walk the 2nd Punic battle start?
After the first Punic War, the Carthaginians had lost every one of their landholdings in Sicily. During the complying with years, the Carthaginians, under the command that Hamilcar Barca, the dad of Hannibal, conquered lands in Hispania, i beg your pardon is in contemporary Spain and also Portugal. After ~ the death of Hamilcar Barca, the Carthaginian military was led through Hasdrubal and also then Hannibal.
Hannibal, known as the lover of Baal, had actually sworn hatred in the direction of the old Romans. Under the rule of the an initial Punic battle treaty, the Carthaginians were not to walk north of the Ebro River. Once Hannibal come close to crossing the Ebro River, the Saguntines furious Hannibal by massacring pro-Carthaginians within your cities.
This was a trouble for the Romans because they had no support pact signed v tribes southern of Ebro River. After Hannibal campaigned versus the Saguntines, the old Romans wanted the Carthaginian senate to give Hannibal to the Romans. Castle refused, and also the 2 entities checked out war again.
Battles combated in Italy
The ancient Romans attacked Carthage while Hannibal to be still in Hispania, likewise known together Iberia. Hannibal knew the something required to be done to avoid the Roman breakthrough on Carthage.
He determined that he would perform the unthinkable in ~ the time and also cross the Alps and also took his military of 40,000 soldiers through contemporary southern France and proceeded to overcome the steep mountain range.
Along through his army, he took 37 war elephants to deliver goods, men, and also other essential items necessary to rage battle on the ancient Romans.
The Alps take it a toll on the Carthaginian army and Hannibal’s battle elephants. When he finally gotten in the Italian peninsula, his army had been cut in half, and also only three of the war elephants endured the harsh climate while cross the steep snowy Alps.
The ancient Romans go not believe the Carthaginians would attack because they had no fleet to transfer troops. Hannibal’s crossing end the Alps surprised the ancient Romans. No other army had ever tried such a tactic.
In the spring of 218 B.C.E., the ancient Romans attacked Hannibal in northern Italy. Hannibal fought earlier with the 26,000 soldiers that continued to be after cross the Alps. Hannibal was victorious in beating the Romans at the Ticinus River and the battle of Trebia.
Unfortunately because that Hannibal, his effort was not received well by the Gallic and also northern Italian cities. Most of the roman inn landholders had burned their chateaus so Hannibal can not plunder and also use the floor to feed his army. But none the less, Hannibal was able to increase his military to 50,000 soldiers.
The complying with year the Romans tried come ambush Hannibal near the city that Arretium. But Hannibal knew that the ambush beforehand. The bypassed the trap and also continued his way toward Rome.
The Romans suffered one more defeat at the fight of Lake Trasimene, whereby they were ambushed through Hannibal and virtually destroyed through the Carthaginians.
At this point, Hannibal walk not want to place siege top top the city of Rome. His military lacked the tools to siege the city and also did not have the ideal supply lines to replenish his troops. Instead, Hannibal went southern to stir increase trouble and possibly begin a rebellion versus Rome by the southern cities.
The roman inn dictator at the moment was Fabius Maximus. He chose not come engage directly with Hannibal’s army. Instead, he tried come further reduced off the supply lines come Hannibal’s army by plundering the countryside.
Rome walk not choose this idea. Fabius Maximus was replaced, and also the brand-new leaders the the roman military made decision to hit Hannibal in 216 B.C.E. In ~ the city of Cannae. The Romans had an army of 70,000 soldiers and Hannibal 50,000 males at the beginning of the battle.
After Hannibal had actually the facility of his heat retreat, he was able to encircle the Romans. Only 16,000 roman inn soldiers lived after the battle of Cannae.
Hannibal acquired the support of numerous entities ~ Cannae, including Macedonia, Syracuse, Tarentum, and Capua. After the defeat, Fabius Maximus was put in charge again and started his techniques of plundering the countryside and also harassing Hannibal’s military once again.
Iberia and Hispania
While Hannibal was fighting in Italy, his brother-in-law Hasdrubal had actually been engaged with the Romans in Iberia, additionally known as Hispania. In 211 B.C.E., Rome overtook Saguntum, Capua, and also Syracuse, which sustained a two-year siege by using defense tools invented by Archimedes.
Eventually, Hasdrubal won versus the Romans yet still did not feel comfortable sending out reinforcements come Hannibal in Italy.
In 210 B.C.E., the Romans sent out Scipio Africanus come Iberia to confront Hasdrubal. In ~ this point, the Romans struck the port city of Carthago Nova, the capital of Iberia under Carthage. Scipio Africanus succeeded in defeating Hasdrubal, who withdrew his forces and tried to overcome the Alps.
The Romans were ready this time v a large force. They beat Hasdrubal at the fight of Metaurus river in 207 B.C.E. Eventually, the staying Carthaginian army in Iberia was defeated at the battle of Ilipa in 206 B.C.E.
Attack on Carthage
Scipio had returned to Rome as a good hero for winning in Iberia. In 205 B.C.E., he was put in command that the army. He wanted to end the battle by attack Carthage.
He conduct to take a huge force and also attack Carthage. He landed in Utica in phibìc Africa and also recruited the Numidians to aid fight versus the Carthaginians. Hannibal went back from Italy, but his military was much smaller.
Hannibal had actually lost the to trust of the Iberian and also Gallic soldiers who did no make the trip ago to Carthage. The 2 leaders met come talk about peace, yet they were unable to form a tranquility treaty. In 202 B.C.E., the Romans beat the Carthaginians at the battle of Zama.
Hannibal survived the battle and sued for tranquility with the Romans, thus ending the 2nd Punic War.
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Facts about the second Punic WarThe second Punic War began in 218 B.C.E.Hannibal to be the leader that the Carthaginians.Scipio Africanus was the leader that the roman inn army.The second Punic battle was dealt with on the Italian peninsula, Hispania, additionally known together Iberia and North Africa.Hannibal never did attack the ancient city of Rome during the 2nd Punic War.Hannibal was the first person to command an army over the Alps to invade Italy.Hannibal supplied war elephants to assist transport supplies and also troops.The second Punic War finished at the fight of Zama, where the Carthaginians were beat by the Romans.
Questions and AnswersWho to be Hannibal’s father?
Hamilcar BarcaWhat animal did Hannibal’s military bring through them while cross the Alps?
War elephantsWho was the roman inn leader who defeated Hannibal and also Carthage?
Scipio AfricanusWhere to be the last battle of the 2nd Punic war fought?
The city of ZamaWhat mountain selection did Hannibal and his army cross in order to strike northern Italy?