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These days, the graphics user interface (the colorful people of icons, windows, and menus) is standard. Mac, Windows, Chrome OS, Linux—every operating system is fundamentally the same, which is to say a very long way from the currently of typed commands that characterized the earliest computers.

Windows 10 restores the desktop to its classic importance, following a monster three-year detour into “what the heck” land recognized as home windows 8. The desktop computer is as soon as again your only house base, your solitary starting point. The the view that greets you when the computer turns on, and also it provides all the devices you need to manage and organize her files.

Herewith: a grand tourism of the state of the art in computer system desktops—the one in windows 10.

The Lock Screen

When you revolve on a windows 10 machine, you recognize right away the you’re not in Kansas anymore. The an initial thing you watch is a vivid curtain that’s been attracted over the computer’s world. It’s the Lock screen (Figure 1-1).

The Lock display screen serves the same objective it walk on a phone: It offers a fast glance at the time, the date, her WiFi signal strength, the weather, and also (on laptops and tablets) her battery charge. As you download and also install brand-new apps, castle can add informational tidbits come this Lock screen, too.

The suggest is that periodically you nothing really should wake the maker up. You simply want to recognize what time that is.

The Lock display can also give you instant access to your Camera and also Skype apps (Camera and Skype). You can want to take it a picture or price a call without having actually to go v the red ice of completely logging in.


Figure 1-1. You can control which apps are enabled to include information to the Lock screen in setups (like the weather report presented here). You not stuck to the Lock display screen photo as mom Microsoft has actually installed it, either. You can change the picture, if girlfriend like, or you can remove it altogether. Thing 4 has actually the details.

When you do want to go past the Lock display screen to log in in, there’s nothing to it. Almost anything you perform that says, “I’m here!” works:

Touchscreen: Swipe a finger upward. (Swipe downward to jump right into Camera mode.)

Mouse: Click anywhere. Or turn the computer mouse wheel.

Keyboard: Press any key.

The Lock display slides up and also out the the way, revealing the Login display screen (Figure 1-2, top).


You can change the picture background of the Lock screen, make it a slideshow, or fiddle through which information appears here; see tailoring the Lock Screen. You have the right to even eliminate the Lock display screen altogether—after all, it’s an extra click every time you log in. For step-by-step instructions, check out “Eliminating the windows 10 Lock Screen,” a complimentary downloadable PDF appendix on this book’s “Missing CD” page at www.missingmanuals.com.

The Login Screen

As in any modern operating system, you have actually your own account in Windows. That your people of files, settings, and preferences. Therefore the second thing you encounter in windows 10 is the Login screen. Here, at lower left, you view the name and also photo because that each human who has an account top top this device (Figure 1-2). Pick yours.

This is additionally where you’re an alleged to log in—to prove that you’re you. However logging in no longer has to mean typing a password. One of Windows 10’s primary goals is to adopt touchscreens, and also typing is a pain on tablets.


Figure 1-2. Lower left: If your device has much more than one account collection up, insanity or click your symbol to authorize in. Top right: keying is for this reason 2009! In windows 10, you deserve to log into your account using any type of of several more touchscreen-friendly methods, like drawing three predetermined present on a photograph.

Therefore, you have the right to log in using any type of of these techniques:

Just look at her screen. On laptops or tablet computers with Intel’s RealSense infrared cameras, facial acknowledgment logs girlfriend in.

Swipe your finger throughout the fingerprint reader, if your computer system has one.

Put her eye up to the iris reader, if your an equipment is so equipped.

Type in a pin you’ve memorized.

Type a classic password.

Skip the protection altogether. Jump straight to the desktop when you turn on the machine.

See Chapter 19 for instructions on setting each of these up.

The Desktop

Once you’ve acquired past the defense barrier, you finally wind up in ~ the house base of Windows: the desktop. View Figure 1-3 because that a refresher course.

You can, and also should, make the desktop look like every little thing you want. You can change its background photo or shade scheme; you deserve to make the message larger; you have the right to clutter increase the whole thing with symbols you use a lot. Chapter 4 is a crash course in desktop interior decoration.


Figure 1-3. The desktop returns in home windows 10 together everybody’s starting place. It’s once again the very first thing you watch after you log in. It has actually a shiny, clean, new look, however the time-honored landmarks—Start menu, taskbar, device tray—are just where they’ve always been.

Meet the begin Menu

Windows is written of 50 million lines of computer system code, scattered across your hard drive in thousands of files. The vast bulk of them room not for you; they’re support files, there because that behind-the-scenes usage by Windows and your applications. They may too bear a sticker reading, “No user-serviceable components inside.”

That’s why the Start food selection is so crucial (Figure 1-4). It lists every useful piece of software program on her computer, consisting of commands, programs, and files. Just around everything you do on your computer begins—or deserve to begin—with your start menu.

In home windows 10, together you’ve probably noticed, the word “Start” no actually appear on the start menu, as it did because that years; currently the Start food selection is just a square switch in the lower-left edge of her screen, bearing the Windows logo design (). But it’s still called the start menu, and it’s still the gateway to whatever on the PC.

If she the form who receipt by the hour, you have the right to open the Start menu (Figure 1-3, lower left) by click it through the mouse. If girlfriend feel that life’s too short, however, tap the crucial on the keyboard instead, or the button if the a tablet.

Really, truly: Learn this. Insanity to open up the Start menu (or come close it!).

The Start food selection (Figure 1-4) is separation into two columns. Because that convenience, let’s contact them the left side and the right side.



If your computer system is a tablet, and it has actually no physical key-board at all, then it might start up in windows 10’s new Tablet mode. In this mode, the appropriate side the the Start food selection fills the whole screen, and also the left side doesn’t appear unless you tap the

in the top-left corner. For details on tablet mode, watch Chapter 13.

The many amazing thing about the home windows 10 Start menu is that windows 10 has a begin menu—something it is been absent since home windows 7. The left side, or something favor it, has actually been v Windows indigenous the beginning. The best side is a pared-back version of the Start screen that identified Windows 8.

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The left side might look choose the Start menu that’s remained in Windows indigenous the start (except throughout that one unfortunate three-year windows 8 phase). But there’s a big difference: In home windows 10, friend can’t use it to perform your own favorite programs, folders, and also files. (That’s what the appropriate side is for.) The left next is intended to it is in managed and also run totally by home windows itself.