Kinesthetic senseThe capability to understand accurately the positions and movements the one"s skeleton joints.

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Kinesthesis describes sensory input that occurs in ~ the body. Postural and also movement details are communicated via sensory solution by tension and also compression of muscles in the body. Also when the body continues to be stationary, the kinesthetic sense can monitor the position. Humans possess three dedicated types of neurons responsive to touch and also stretching that assist keep track of human body movement and position. The an initial class, dubbed Pacinian corpuscles, lies in the deep subcutaneous fatty tissue and also responds to pressure. The 2nd class that neurons surrounding the interior organs, and also the 3rd class is associated with muscles, tendons, and also joints. These neurons job-related in concert v one another and also with cortical neurons together the body moves.

The ability to assess the weight of an item is another function of kinesthesia. When an individual choose up one object, the stress and anxiety in his/her muscles generates signals the are provided to change posture. This sense does not run in isolation from various other senses. For example, the size-weight illusion results in a mismatch between how heavy an object looks and also how hefty the muscle "think" it have to be. In general, bigger objects are judged together being more heavier than smaller sized objects of the exact same weight.

The kinesthetic feeling does not mediate equilibrium, or sense of balance. Balance involves various sensory pathways and originates in large part in ~ the inside ear.

Further Reading

Bartenieff, Irmgard. Body Movement: Coping through the Environment. New York: Gordon and Breach scientific research Publishers, 1980.

Moving components (videorecording). Princeton, NJ: movies for the Humanities, 1985.


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