The Year of the Elephant (عام الفيل), known in Arabic as the Amu ul-Fil, is the surname in Islamic background for the year roughly equating to 570 CE. Follow to Islamic tradition, it was in this year that Muhammad was born. The year became known as the Year the the Elephant, beginning a tendency for reckoning the year in the Arabian Peninsula offered until that was replaced with the Islamic calendar throughout the dominion of Umar.

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Abraha, in Islamic tradition, is thought to have actually launched an exploration of forty thousand men against the Ka‘bah in ~ Mecca. The Christian ruler of Yemen, i m sorry was topic to the Kingdom that Aksum of Ethiopia, marched ~ above the Kaaba through a huge army led through a white elephant named Mahmud (and perhaps with other elephants - part accounts state over there were numerous elephants, or also as numerous as eight) intended to demolish the the Ka‘bah. However, the command elephant known as Mahmud is stated to have actually stopped in ~ the boundary approximately Mecca, and also refused come enter. Several other Arab people attempted to fight that on the way, but were defeated.

This occasion is described in the Qur’an, in Surah 105, Al-Fil (Arabic: الـفِـيـل‎, "The Elephant"). The reference to the story in Qur’an is quite short. Follow to Surah al-Fil, the next day , a dark cloud of tiny birds called "Ababil" (Arabic: أَبـابـيـل‎) appeared. The birds carried small rocks in your beaks, and also bombarded the Ethiopian forces and also smashed them favor "eaten straw".



Mecca in ~ the time, the creative illustration that the boundary wall surface that Mahmud (lead elephant) might have refused to cross. Part scholars have actually placed the Year of the Elephant one or two years earlier than 570 CE, with a tradition attributed come Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri in the works of ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-San‘ani placing it prior to the birth of Muhammad"s father.

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Traditionally a tiny valley, the Wadi-i Muhassar (وادي محسر), is stated to be the phase of Abraha"s destrucion, wherein his army was decimated by the Ababīl birds. Wadi Muhassar, likewise known in your ar as the valley of Fire (وادي النار), is situated in between Mina and also Muzdalifah. The sink is situated some ten kilometers eastern of the city that Mecca. That is report to be the place where the military of Abraha was destroyed as they marched towards Makkah, as stated in Surah al-Fil. The is a Sunnah to walk briskly v this area when crossing between the Muzdalifah and Mina.


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